How to install Linux on your 2021 Chromebook

This tutorial explains how to install Linux on your Chromebook. We will do our best to make sure you understand this guide. I hope you will like this blog How to install Linux on your Chromebook. If your answer is yes, please share after reading this.

Check out how you can install Linux on your Chromebook

If you want to go beyond the Android extensions and apps that Chrome OS offers, there are several ways you can get Linux to work to make your Chromebook more versatile.

Chromebooks are amazing little machines. Since they run a basic operating system with just a browser, they are often inexpensive, energy efficient, and incredibly useful. However, if you want to go beyond the Android extensions and apps that Chrome OS offers, installing Linux is your best bet.

By taking advantage of Linux-based apps, you can make your Chromebook much more versatile than before. However, installing Linux is not a straightforward process and you will need a few things before you get started. Here’s what you need and how to set it all up.

What do you need

In order for Linux to run on your Chromebook, in almost all cases we recommend that you have a few things:

An Intel-based Chromebook. Technically, some of these methods can work on ARM-based machines, but you will be more limited in the applications you can run. To really unlock the potential of your Chromebook, you’ll want one that uses an Intel processor. Our favorites include the Acer Spin 713 Chromebook, Dell Chromebook 11 (3100), and HP x360 14c Chromebook.

Some Linux chops. We can walk you through the basic steps to get up and running, but in order to use Linux you will need some basic knowledge of how the operating system works, including the command line. If you are still a beginner, you can get a lot of help from the Ubuntu forums and Linux subtitles.

A recovery disc. Before you start playing with your Chromebook, I recommend that you install the Chromebook recovery utility and create a recovery disc. You will need a flash drive with 4 GB of space or more; You’ll be happy to have it on hand in case something goes wrong and you want to reverse the process.

Nerves of steel. Google only supports one of these methods. The other two require you to put your Chromebook in developer mode (which creates a slightly less secure environment if you’re careless). No matter what you decide to do, proceed with caution and know that there is always the possibility of something breaking. (Hence the recovery disc recommended above).

Are you still interested in moving on? Alright, let’s do that.

Install Linux applications with Crostini

Google’s official method of installing Linux apps is called Crostini, although you can find it labeled Linux on your device, and it lets you run individual Linux apps right on your Chrome OS desktop. Since these apps live in their own small containers, that’s pretty safe, and if something goes wrong, your Chrome OS desktop shouldn’t be affected.

At Google I / O 2021, Google announced that Linux would finally roll out of beta after three years, so things should be pretty stable. Linux should work for all devices released since 2019, but if your device is older, there is an official list of supported Chromebooks.

To start Crostini, click on the clock in the lower right corner of the screen and select the Settings icon. Scroll down to the Linux development environment settings; If you don’t see it, your Chromebook isn’t supported and you’ll need to use one of the other two methods below. If you see this option, click the Activate button and then click Install in the next window to activate the feature.

Once you have allocated the required disk space for Linux, you will be presented with a Linux terminal. From there, type the following two commands, pressing Enter after each:

sudo apt update

sudo apt update

These commands ensure that all of your Linux software is up to date. For now, this only means the software running the underlying Linux system, but you can also run these commands in the future to update your Linux applications.


Speaking of Linux apps, let’s install one. We’ll be using GIMP for this example, because let’s be honest, that’s probably why half of you are reading this anyway. Run the following command:

sudo apt install gimp

Obviously, you can replace gimp in this command with the package name of the app you want to install. With that done, you should be able to open Chrome’s app launcher, scroll to the Linux Applications folder, and launch GIMP (or whatever app you have installed) from there.

linux folder

Note that your Linux apps cannot access normal folders on your Chromebook. Therefore, if you want to open a file that you downloaded in Chrome, you will need to drag it to the new Linux files folder in the Chrome OS file manager. . If you have a problem, the / r / crostini subreddit is a good place to ask for help.

Get a full Linux desktop with Crouton

linux croutons

If your Chromebook doesn’t support Crostini, you can install an Ubuntu desktop with Chrome OS with an unofficial chroot environment called Crouton. It’s extremely quick and easy to set up, and most users will likely end up going this route.

To install Crouton, you will need to put your Chromebook in developer mode. This will erase all your files and settings in order to back up anything not syncing to the cloud. When you’re ready, turn off your Chromebook, hold down the Esc and Refresh keys, and then press the power button.

On the recovery screen that appears, press Ctrl + D, and then press Enter when asked if you want to turn off OS checking. From now on, you will need to press Ctrl + D every time you start your Chromebook and see the OS verification screen.

chrome operating system terminal

Once back on Chrome OS, download Crouton by clicking on the link at the top of this page. Then press Ctrl + Alt + T to open the Chrome OS terminal, type shell and press Enter to open a shell. Then run the following command, which copies the Crouton installer to the / usr / local / bin folder, where it can be run:

sudo install -Dt / usr / local / bin -m 755 ~ / Downloads / crouton

Then run this command to install Crouton with the XFCE desktop environment (if you prefer another environment, you can replace it here):

sudo crouton -t xfce

This process will take some time, so be patient. Finally, when you are done, you can access your Linux desktop by running:

sudo enter-chroot startxfce4

You can switch between Chrome OS and Linux desktops with Ctrl + Alt + Shift + Previous and Ctrl + Alt + Shift + Next on your keyboard; no need to restart. From the Linux desktop, you can install applications, customize your workspace, and live your life in this Linux environment.

The Crouton GitHub Readme has information on other things you can do to improve this setting, such as sharing your clipboard between environments, updating your Ubuntu version, backing up your data, and l Enabling encryption for your Linux settings (which is highly recommended, as this process is inherently less secure than an uncontaminated Chrome operating system). This is where command line techniques come in handy!

If you want to go back to a pure Chrome OS setup, turn off your Chromebook and restart it by holding down the Esc and Refresh keys while pressing the power button. Insert the recovery drive you created (you created one as we recommended, right?) And follow the instructions to start over.

Gallium Dual Boot Chrome OS (Enthusiast)


This is where things get a bit tricky. If you want to run Linux independently of Chrome OS, maybe you don’t really want Chrome OS at all, or maybe you want a separate environment where you can play games without compromising your Chrome installation, you can install Linux all at once. more traditional way by partitioning the drive and doing it with Chrome OS.

Note that this will require devoting a little extra space to your Linux installation, which may not be easy on Chromebooks with small amounts of storage. This will also erase your device, so please back up important files now before continuing.

For Linux dual boot, I recommend a tool called chrx, which will walk you through the necessary steps. By default, chrx installs GalliumOS, a lightweight Xubuntu-based distribution that is customized for low-power Chromebook hardware. If you want things to be as nimble as possible, GalliumOS is a great option. However, chrx can also install Ubuntu and Fedora (in addition to Ubuntu derivatives like Lubuntu and Kubuntu), if you prefer.

Before using chrx, you will need to enable developer mode, as we did when installing Crouton. You may also need to turn off write protection and install custom firmware on your laptop, depending on your processor. Please refer to this page for compatibility information regarding your specific laptop and what to do. (This custom firmware also lets you wipe Chrome OS completely and install Linux on its own, if you prefer instead of dual booting.)


Once done, press Ctrl + Alt + T to open a terminal, then type shell and hit enter. Run the following command to prepare your Chromebook for installation (using these flags, if you want to install a different distribution or adjust other settings):

CD; curl -Os && sh go

The chrx installer will walk you through partitioning your drive before rebooting, in which case you can open a terminal and run the command again to install Linux. Once it’s done, your Chromebook will restart and you can press Ctrl + L at startup to boot into your desired Linux distribution (or Ctrl + D to restart in Chrome OS).

You might need a bit more software and drivers with this method, but if you’re a Linux veteran you shouldn’t have too many issues and you’ll end up with a clean system that you can customize to suit your needs. your way. content.


Final words: How to install Linux on your Chromebook

hope you will understand this item How to install Linux on your Chromebook, if your answer is no, you can request anything through the contact forum section linked to this article. And if your answer is yes, then share this article with your family and friends.

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