Tutorial to learn steps to install Jupyter Notebook on Ubuntu 22.04 Jammy JellyFish and 20.04 Focal Fossa using command terminal.
What is Jupyter Notebook?
The Jupyter Project is a non-profit initiative that aims to develop and deliver open source software and open standards for interactive work. One of the project’s most famous products is Jupyter notebook. It is a software for sharing and creating interactive worksheets that works on the principle of client-server. In a Jupyter notebook, numbers, text, graphics, and executable program code can be combined and made available to users. Other products include JupyterLab, JupyterHub, and Voilà.
Steps to install on Jupyter Notebook on Ubuntu 22.04 | 20.04
To run this tutorial, we need Ubuntu or its based Linux systems with non-root sudo access user and Python environment.
2. Perform Ubuntu 22.04/20.04 system update
Before going any further, perform the system update first which will rebuild the cache of the APT package manager.
sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade
3. Install Python3 and PIP3
The latest version of Python is 3, available for installation through the official Ubuntu 22.02 or 20.04 repository. Because we need a Python environment to install and use Jupyter Notebook. Therefore, start by installing it.
sudo apt install python3
Also, we need a PIP package manager to install Jupyter Notebook, so get that too.
sudo apt install python3-pip
3. Upgrade PIP and install virtualenv
Once the above commands are completed, Python3 and PIP3 will be on your system. Now, let’s start by upgrading our system’s default PIP version to the latest.
sudo pip3 install --upgrade pip
After that also install virtual environment wrap, a tool for creating isolated virtual python environments.
sudo pip3 install virtualenv
6. Create a Python virtual environment for Jupyter
Instead of installing Jupyter globally, let’s create an isolated Python environment for it. Therefore, here we create our project directory called – demo you can name the folder whatever you want.
Create a new virtual environment in the folder.
Let’s give it a name-
notebookenvof course, you can give it a name as you see fit.
Now activate and load the python environment created for your current shell.
You will see that your bash shell has been switched to your created environment.
5. Install Jupyter Notebook on Ubuntu 22.04 | 20.04
Finally, use Python’s PIP package manager to install Jupyter on your Ubuntu Linux for created environment.
pip install jupyter
6. Jupyter Notebook Web Interface
Once the installation is complete, run the given command which will open the web interface on your local browser to access your Jupyter Notebook project.
To create a new notebook file, select New > Python 3 given on the right side and start writing your code.
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