After RedHat announced to end the LTS version of CentOS, people start looking for other options and AlmaLinux and Oracle are some of the stable options available. Recently, the developers of these two Linux server distributions announced their latest version based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 8.4. This means AlmaLinux 8.4 and Oracle Linux 8.4 benefit from many features added or changed in their higher stream distribution project.
Download AlmaLinux stable 8.4 ISO
AlmaLinux 8.4 offers full support for Secure Boot with UEFI functionality which is questionable by the Linux community. Besides these OpenSCAP security profiles, publishing the development repository with additional build packages and dependencies that are not present in the official release stream, and disabling the PowerTools repository to move it to a separate file called ‘almalinux -powertools.repo ”.
Among the new modules are Python 3.9, SWIG 4.0, Subversion 1.14, Redis 6, PostgreSQL 13, MariaDB 10.5, and the compilers have been updated to GCC 10, LLVM 11, Rust 1.49 and Go 1.15.7.
A significant number of packages have also been removed, many of which are related to Red Hat or its brand: ‘kmod-redhat- *’, ‘kpatch *’, ‘redhat-background’, ‘redhat-indexhtml’, ‘redhat- logos ‘,’ redhat-logos-httpd ‘,’ redhat-release ‘,’ redhat-release-eula ‘,’ spice-client-win-x64 ‘,’ spice-client-win-x86 ‘,’ spice- qxl- wddm-dod ‘,’ spice-vdagent-win-x64 ‘,’ spice-vdagent-win-x86 ‘,’ virt-who ‘and’ virtio-win ‘, among others.
Those interested in AlmaLinux 8.4 can consult the official announcement, release notes and get the system image from the Download section on AlmaLinux website. Distribution officials announced that the version for ARM will enter beta soon.
Download Oracle Linux stable 8.4 ISO
On the other hand, we have Oracle Linux 8.4, which comes with versions for 64-bit x86 (x86_64) and 64-bit ARM (aarch64). As for the tools related to programming in Oracle Linux 8.4, it is the same as AlmaLinux 8.4. In addition, the system includes in the installation image the second update of Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel Release 6 (UEK R6) with Red Hat Compatible Kernel (RHCK). UEK R6 is installed and activated by default in new installations, is based on Linux 5.4 and depending on the company “Offers more innovation than other commercial Linux kernels. “
Regarding the security level improvements, we find the many fixes included in Clevis, fapolicyd, librewan, OpenSCAP and a new RPM plugin “Who notifies fapolicyd of any changes during RPM transactions.” The RPM plugin replaces the YUM plugin because its functionality is not limited to YUM transactions and at the same time takes into account the modifications made by RPM ”.