The Debian Project has released the eleventh version of its Linux distribution.
Code-named Bullseye, the distro appeared on Saturday and will be supported for five years – a lifecycle made possible by its use of Linux kernel version 5.10, which itself is a long-term support version that will be. maintained until 2026.
Some of the new features that the project saw fit to highlight include:
- Native support for exFAT file systems is part of the kernel, rather than requiring the use of the separate FUSE driver;
- Support for the GNOME Flashback desktop environment if installed as part of the task-gnome-flashback-desktop package. KDE Plasma 5.20, LXDE 11, LXQt 0.16, MATE 1.24 and Xfce 4.16 are other desktop options;
- USB printers can be treated as network devices with the new ipp-usb package, which means driverless printing includes printers connected by USB.
- Unmanned scanning is also new, thanks to sane-sl in the libsane1 package;
- Win32-loader software allows installation of Debian from Windows without using separate installation media, now supports UEFI and Secure Boot.
- Panfrost and Lima drivers to enable free support for GPUs found in many ARM devices;
- Podman 3.0.1, a daemonless container engine developed by Red Hat that can replace Docker;
- Support for non-systemd boot systems is significantly improved over Buster.
There are many more, of course – as you would expect given that the distribution includes 59,551 packages, of which 11,294 are new. And while 9,519 packages were marked as obsolete and removed, 42,821 packages were updated and 5,434 packages remained unchanged.
Eight CPU architectures are supported. To know:
- 32-bit PC (i386) and 64-bit PC (amd64);
- 64-bit arming (arm64);
- ARM EABI (armel);
- ARMv7 (ABI hard-float EABI, armhf);
- MIPS little-endian (mipsel);
- 64-bit little-endian MIPS (mips64el);
- 64-bit little-endian PowerPC (ppc64el);
- IBM System z (s390x).
The new version also updates commonly used open source databases such as Samba, MariaDB, PHP, Perl, Apache, Python, Rust, and Emacs, bringing them to newer versions.
“With this wide selection of packages and its traditional support for an extended architecture, Debian once again remains true to its goal of being the universal operating system,” says the project’s release announcement.
“It’s suitable for many different use cases: from desktop systems to netbooks; from development servers to cluster systems; and for database, web, and storage servers.
“At the same time, additional quality assurance efforts such as automatic installation and upgrade testing for all packages in the Debian archive ensure that Bullseye meets the high user expectations of a stable release of Debian.
You can test these claims yourself by uploading a live image or disk image.
The full release notes can be found here.
Bullseye’s release will be significant as Debian is the basis for many popular Linux distributions such as Ubuntu, Devuan, and Raspbian. ®